Mental health disorders

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Mental disorders (or mental illnesses) are conditions that affect your thinking, feeling, mood, and behavior. They may be occasional or long-lasting (chronic). They can affect your ability to relate to others and function each day. What are some types of mental disorders?

There are many different types of mental disorders. Some common ones include:

   Anxiety disorders, including panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and phobias
   Depression, bipolar disorder, and other mood disorders
   Eating disorders
   Personality disorders
   Post-traumatic stress disorder
   Psychotic disorders, including schizophrenia

What causes mental disorders?

There is no single cause for mental illness. A number of factors can contribute to risk for mental illness, such as:

 Your genes and family history
   Biological factors such as chemical imbalances in the brain
   A traumatic brain injury
   Use of alcohol or recreational drugs

Treatment depends on which mental disorder you have and how serious it is. You and your provider will work on a treatment plan just for you. It usually involves some type of therapy. You may also take medicines. Some people also need social support and education on managing their condition.